印度學佛教學研究
Online ISSN : 1884-0051
Print ISSN : 0019-4344
ISSN-L : 0019-4344
大覚国師義天の祖師認識と “宗派”
朴 姯娟
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ジャーナル フリー

2017 年 65 巻 2 号 p. 991-988

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Ŭich’ŏn 義天 (1055–1101) established nine patriarchs under the influence of Jinshui Jingyuan 晋水浄源 (1011–1088) of the Song dynasty, and venerated Wŏnhyo 元暁 and Ŭisang 義相 as founders of the school. This understanding of Ŭich’ŏn on the patriarchs brought many influences and changes. The other religious groups also established their Dharma-lineage, and used the titles of schools which emphasize their patriarch. In addition, the school titles named after their patriarchs such as Punhwang chong 芬皇宗 and Namsan chong 南山宗 appeared.

There were many arguments whether Ŭich’ŏn had an understanding of “sect,” and whether “chong” 宗 meant sect when mentioned in the Taegak Kuksa jip 大覚国師集. I do not think that Ŭich’ŏn’s activities and understanding had any direct relation with the idea of “sect.” I suppose that his understanding of “patriarch” greatly influenced the “sectarianization” of the Buddhist community in the Koryŏ period (918–1392) after the 12th century.

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