The Karandavyuha Sutra (KV) describes the merits of the six-syllable formula (om manipadme hum) and various stories of Avalokitesvara in India. There are two editions of the KV. One is the Samasrami edition (reprinted in the Vaidya edition), which uses a Nepalese manuscript (A. D. 1196), and the other is the Mette edition (M), which uses two Gilgit manuscripts (ca. A. D. 630) (G1: incomplete; G2: a fragment). M presents differences between the Samasrami edition (S) and the Gilgit Manuscripts (G1 and G2). We will focus on views on forms of Avalokitesvara in S compared with G1.
S refers to the following three forms of Avalokitesvara: (1) Incarnations emerging in the worlds of metempsychosis, (2) a cosmological body producing Hindu Gods, and (3) a cosmological body in the hair pores of Avalokitesvara.
In conclusion, according to S, we can point out that the goddess representing the six-syllable formula, which is the supreme essence (paramahrdaya) of Avalokitesvara, integrates symbolically forms (1), (2), and (3) in the mandala. This view on the forms of Avalokitesvara in S is not found in G1. There-fore, we can conclude that the view on the forms in S was probably introduced into the KV after the compilation of G1.