電気学会論文誌C(電子・情報・システム部門誌)
Online ISSN : 1348-8155
Print ISSN : 0385-4221
ISSN-L : 0385-4221
<電気回路・電子回路>
神経信号取得用多チャンネル低雑音低消費電力増幅器の周波数特性ばらつき補償
安田 陽平中野 誠彦
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2015 年 135 巻 1 号 p. 2-11

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This paper describes a low-noise and low-power spike neural signal amplifier design that has cutoff frequency compensation between the channels and chips variations. The variation of the frequency characteristics of amplifiers should be minimized among the channels and chips. That is a requirement to do the statistical correlation analysis from a neuroscience point of view. Our design includes the adjustable cutoff frequency using 4 bit variable capacitance. After the compensation the variation of the cutoff frequency was reduced to -0.4kHz to +0.3kHz from -1.1kHz to +3.6kHz that is the value of before trimming under the condition of the target cutoff frequency is 10kHz. We designed a multi neural signal amplifier using ROHM 0.18µm CMOS process. The designed neural amplifier has the capacitive coupled differential input to reject large dc offsets generated at the electrode-tissue interface and to avoid the large common mode noise. To achieve the high energy efficiency with low noise to observe the few tens of µV order spike signal, the MOS transistors in OTA are operated at subthreshold region and combined with low pass filter that consumes less than a hundred nW. The amplifier yielded a midband gain of 37.9dB and the input-referred noise was measured to be 3.76µVrms while consuming 4.30µW with a ±0.9V power supply. These results corresponding to Noise Efficiency Factor (NEF)=2.23 that are close to the value of the limit using a single differential OTA by CMOS process.

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