1997 年 12 巻 p. 231-247,282
This study is to analyze voting behavior through the survey data on the Korean Local Election in 1995. Firstly, how does the electorate support the party? Secondly, how much does the voter's region (the region where the voter comes from), have an important effect upon voting behavior?
The results of analysis are as follows.
First, party voting is investigated with multivariate analyses. Voting behavior is greatly determined by social characteristics, in particular the voter's region, which is confirmed with high explanation by the multivariate analysis. To put it concretely, the Democratic Liberal Party is supported by the voter's of Pusan, Kyungnam and Taegu, Kyungbuk, while the Democratic Party is supported by the voters of Kwangju, Junla. Moreover, political ideology, political interest, and economic evaluation are important variables when trying to understand Korean voting behavior.
Therefore, the region where the voter comes from, is the most important variable in party selection. Regionalism is more persuasive to explain the Korean Local Election in 1995.
Second, when comparing regional voter turnout, the voters of the Kwangju-Junla area vote for the Democratic Party, while voters of the Pusan-Kyungnam and Taegu-Kyungbuk area vote very intensively for the Democratic Liberal Party in very high levels. It has been certificated that the regionalism of the voters in the Kwangju-Junla area are stronger than that of voters in the Pusan-Kyungnam and Taegu-Kyungbuk area.
Third, the voters of the Pusan-Kyungnam and Taegu-Kyungbuk area supporting the Democratic Liberal Party vote against the opposing party (the Democratic Party), more than the voters of the Kwangju-Junla area who support the Democratic Party vote against the opposite party (the Democratic Liberal Party).
In brief, through the results of analysis, the Korean Local Election in 1995, can be characterized as regionalism voting.