Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles
Online ISSN : 1883-6038
Print ISSN : 1348-3927
ISSN-L : 1348-3927
Design and Fabrication of Prototype Battery Electric Three Wheeled Vehicles
Tamer NabilBasem E. El-NaghiMahmoud SaeedAhmed KamalEslam GharibMohanad MohsenIbrahim Ahmed
ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2019 年 17 巻 2 号 p. 1823-1834


Significant with the increasing expense of fossil fuel and its depletion, and the impacts emission gases from petrol vehicles are having on our atmosphere, an alternative was needed. The design and fabrication of prototype battery electric vehicles is winding up progressively especially three wheel one. Three wheeled battery electric vehicles need the most ideal design conceivable to minimize the extent of energy necessary to power the vehicle. One of the paybacks of an incorporated design is a lighter vehicle, with high efficiency as a design objective focus. The lighter the vehicle, the lesser amount of energy it will necessitate to drive, therefore less greenhouse emissions. Three-wheel electric vehicle services are: university campus, clubs, hospitals, airports, residential compounds, villas, car and goods towing, trailer to haul the trash, remote area transportation etc. This work entails for investigation, design and building of a prototype three-wheeled battery drive electric vehicle with entire simple control system. A three-wheeled battery electric vehicle as an electric mobility is being developed and tested at Suez Canal University (Egypt) and Sepang International Circuit (Malaysia). The design of the three-wheeled battery electric vehicle must have many favorable characteristics such as low mass and good aerodynamics. The vehicle designed with one seat to be thrusted by brushed motor attached on the rear wheel and powered by 48V Lithium-ion battery. The numerical study is performed by MATLAB Simulink 2017 modeling and the results recorded 140km/kWh with regenerative braking system. The fabricated three-wheel battery electric vehicle total weight is 55kg. Its tested in different tracks, many attempts, with best result 100km/kWh. Vehicle maximum speed is 60km/h and the maximum efficiency is 70% at 25km/h.

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