2017 年 24 巻 1 号 p. 13-24
In this paper, examining the replotting method and subsequent land processing of field development, I focus on the method of adjusting land use in the rural community of Warichi. In Endo, until 1953, Warichi were required to take on a certain form of cultivation, according to the Kenmae-gumi, when land was replotted, even in cases where this was not performed as Warikae. This was linked to Kenmae in the history of development and the creation of levees as a device to reduce damage from flood disasters, and it was a framework for life in the area concerned. Even if there was no Warichi, as could happen in the wake of field maintenance, the Kenmae of standards of practice is adopted as replotting criteria, and this fact enabled Warichi and Kenmae to continue their actuality. In the case of Endo, the influence of Warichi and Kenmae did not end immediately after the introduction of the modern private ownership system of land. As a result, in Endo, it was necessary to use Warichi and Kenmae to form a consensus of a new stage of transition to modern system of private ownership of land while maintaining unity as a rural community. How could Warichi and Kenmae be used to form consensus? As a background to this inquiry, we should note that people had expectations of guarantees and stability from Kenmae with regard to their unstable cultivated land, and life largely depended on it.