A decline of the voting rate becomes conspicuous in Japan in recent years. There is a movement which tries to improve the governance and increase of political participation through participation to community activity according to Putnam (1993). This paper clarifies empirically the impact of the attitudes and behavior of community residents on the voting behavior. We conducted questionnaire survey toTama-Area Residents in order to examine the effect of the impact of the local political environment on the attitudes and behavior of community residents. Furthermore, we compared the voting behavior with four group's significant difference based on Age groups, on attitudes about local governance. The causal structure is identified by using the multiple group Structural Equation Modeling between four groups.