Journal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering
Online ISSN : 1880-9863
ISSN-L : 1880-9863
Papers(Special Issue)
Line tension of the pore edge in phospholipid/cholesterol bilayer from stretch molecular dynamics simulation
Author information

2015 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 15-00422


The line tension of the pore in a phospholipid bilayer is important for pore-mediated molecular transport techniques. To understand the cholesterol effects on the line tension of the pore edge at the molecular level, we perform molecular dynamics simulations of phospholipid bilayers with a pore containing cholesterol in different concentrations (0, 20, and 40 mol%). The bilayer with a pore is prepared by using an equibiaxial stretching simulation. The stretched bilayer with a pore is subsequently compressed and the pore spontaneously closes when the applied areal strain of the bilayer is below a certain value. Using the pore closure areal strain and a free energy model of a stretched bilayer with a pore, the upper and lower limits of the line tensions for the bilayers containing cholesterol at 0, 20, and 40 mol% are estimated to be 17.0-48.2, 54.5-100, and 170-261 pN, respectively. The increasing tendency of the line tension qualitatively agrees with that observed experimentally. The pores in the cholesterol-containing bilayers are lined with several cholesterol molecules, which might increase the bending rigidity of the pore edge, and result in the higher line tension of the cholesterol-containing bilayer. The considerable dependency of the line tension on the bilayer compositions might be useful to explain the large variations of the transduction efficiency observed with sonoporation treatment.

Information related to the author
© 2015 by The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers
Previous article Next article