2018 年 13 巻 4 号 p. JFST0024
Temperature characteristics of a multiphase AC arc in various working pressures were investigated by an innovative observation system consisting of a high-speed video camera and band-pass filters. Thermal plasmas have been widely applied to many industrial fields because of their unique advantages such as high temperature, high enthalpy, and rapid quenching capability. In particular, the multiphase AC arc is advantageous in terms of large plasma volume and high energy efficiency. Therefore, this heat source has been applied to innovative material processing such as in-flight glass melting, and functional nanoparticles fabrication. However, the temperature field and its fluctuation characteristics in the multiphase AC arc have not been understood because of the difficulties of temperature measurement due to their rapid fluctuation in millisecond timescale as well as the axisymmetric spatial characteristics. To understand and control the fluctuation phenomena is important to realize this method as industrial technology. Temperature measurement system using a high-speed camera was constructed to visualize the temperature fields of the multiphase AC arc. The fluctuations in the two-dimensional intensity distributions of particular line emissions from atomic argon were successfully observed. By analyzing these images using the Boltzmann plot method, the temperature distribution was estimated. The experimental results indicated that the arc temperature fluctuated in the range from 6,000 to 12,000 K. Higher temperature, smaller arc existence area, and decrease in the diameter of the arc were observed with an increase of working pressure. The arc temperature in the multiphase AC arc is sufficiently high to treat the refractory metals and ceramics powders at high processing rate.