耳鼻と臨床
Online ISSN : 2185-1034
Print ISSN : 0447-7227
耳鳴の臨床的研究
表現法と問診への応用
渡辺 尚彦根岸 正之永井 大介調所 廣之岡本 途也
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1984 年 30 巻 5Supplement3 号 p. 993-999

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Experiments were made of how normal persons express pure tone, band noise (B. N.), and white noise (W. N.), by vowel sounds and the results were compared with those obtained from patients with tinnitus. Low tone was often expressed by the vowels of u and o, and middle and high tones were by the vowel of i in healthy persons. No great difference was made by using selected words. B. N. was expressed in a quite different way from that in pure tone. Patients with sensori-neural hearing loss gave different expression from that given by normal persons. However, their vowel expression tended to be similar to that of the others. The results, the way of expression by normal persons were used for anamnesis of tinnitus patients. Conductive tinnitus occurred particularly around the sounds, u, go, and 136, and the pitch was all less than 500 Hz. In mixed tinnitus, there was considerable variation, probably depending upon how conductive and sensorineural elements participate in. Sensori-neural tinnitus was found in a whole pitch range, and mostly expressed as the sounds of i series. The patients rarely complained of tinnitus of B. N.-like sound. There was found no specificity to pitch nor to disease in tinnitus.

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