日本食生活学会誌
Online ISSN : 1881-2368
Print ISSN : 1346-9770
資料
管理栄養士養成課程の女子大学生における出生時・乳児期と現在の身体状況との関連
―とくに出生時体格と栄養方法について
吉田 安友子加藤 舞子加賀谷 みえ子松谷 康子内藤 通孝
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ジャーナル フリー

28 巻 (2017) 3 号 p. 203-209

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Aim: We investigated the relation of the physical conditions at birth and in infancy to the present status in the female university students, and examined the influence of feeding methods in infancy on current health condition.

Methods: We conducted anthropometric measurements for 52 female university students in the course for registered dietitian, and examined the relation of the physique at birth and during infancy to the current status. The conditions around birth and infancy were investigated using a "boshi-kenko-techo" (maternity health record book) .

Results: Birth weight was found to have no effect on the current physical condition. Although birth weight was significantly lower in the group with less maternal gestational weight gain, but did not have a significant effect on the current physical condition. Visceral fat area and skinfold thickness were significantly lower in the absolute breast milk feeding group compared to the groups with other feeding methods such as bottle feeding and mixed feeding, suggesting that breast milk feeding up to age 3 months may be important. With respect to birth order, skinfold thickness was significantly lower in the second-born students than in the first-born.

Conclusions: Physical condition at birth did not affect the current physical condition; however, the difference of nutritional methods in infancy may have influenced on it, particularly visceral and subcutaneous fat volume. Although longitudinal studies are ,necessary to elucidate the effect of nutrition during infancy on subsequent physique, it may be important to provide correct information on pregnancy, delivery, and child rearing.

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© 2017 日本食生活学会
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