Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Relationships among Physique, Physical Fitness and Personality of Students
Mikio TokunagaKimio HashimotoToshiki Chiwata
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1971 Volume 16 Issue 2 Pages 109-114


The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship among physique, physical fitness and personality of students. The Physical Fitness Test which was standardized by the Department of Education and The Yatabe-Guilford Personality Test were administered to 288 freshmen of Kyushu university. The height and weight were investigated and Rohrer's Index was culculated. The results could be summarized as follows: 1. Relationship between physique and physical fitness: (1) The thiner body type (1. 2) had significantly lower physical fitness than the medium body type (3). (2) The thiner body type had lower muscle strength and endurance than the medium body type (4) and slightly fat body type (5). (3) There were significant relationships between physical fitness and height or weight.2. Relationship between physique and personality: (1) The eccentric type had more thinest body type (1) than other types. (2) There were no significant relationship between thinest body type and sligtly fat body type on the Y-G scales. (3) The positive type (B.D) were significantly heavier in weight than the average type.3. Relationship between physical fitness and personality: (1) The director type had significantly higher physical fitness than the eccentric type. (2) The lower physical fitness group (D.E) had significantly higher inferiority feelings, nervousness and subjectivity or lower cooperativeness, general activity, rathymia, ascendance and social extraversion on the Y-G scales than the upper physical fitness group(A. B). (3) The positive types (B.D) had significantly higher muscle strength than the negative types (C.E). The emotionally stable and socially adaptable types (C.D) had significantly higher flexibility than the lacking types of them (B.E).

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© 1971 Japan Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences
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