The aim of this study was to clarify the motivation of the Hamaguchi Cabinet in creating the Council for Physical Education, which was established on July 2, 1929 (Showa 4), by examining the formulation of the Cabinet’s social policies and the legislative position of the Head of Physical Education in the Ministry of Education. The findings were as follows.
1）The Cabinet was formed during the chronic recession of the 1920s, for which the Prime Minister had announced a 10-point policy program. Therefore, the Cabinet connected various policies with economics at their core. Social policies were designed to support economic policies that caused public anxiety. The Council for Physical Education was established as a social policy.
2）The Minister of Education, Ichita Kobashi, used social policies to actualize plans that would give people moral instruction; these subsequently led to the formation of various political activity groups. The sports policies were similar to these plans.
3）Kobashi appointed Ken Yamakawa as the Head of Physical Education. He advanced the sports group organization, which led to the establishment of the Council for Physical Education. Yamakawa’s initiatives were in line with the social policies of the Hamaguchi Cabinet and Kobashi. The results of this analysis can be summarized as follows.
The intention of setting up the Council for Physical Education promoted the organization of sports group and their incorporation into the Hamaguchi Cabinet’s social policy objectives. The forces responsible for the Council of Physical Education were the formation of the Cabinet and the relationships between the Minister of Education, Kobashi, and the Head of Physical Education, Yamakawa. Kobashi and Yamakawa were from the Home Ministry that combined national policy with sport policy.