2001 Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 19-23
This study was investigated the influence by ovariectomy (OVX) and calcium diet on bone properties in eighty-one female ICR strain mice with age of 5 weeks. The animals were randomly assigned to sham operation (SHAM), OVX, SHAM+low Ca intake (L.Ca) and OVX+L.Ca group. They were euthanized with lethal dose of pentobarbital sodium at day 50, 100 and 140 post-operatively. For determining the bone properties, both femur and tibial bones were excised from the hind limb, and removed off surrounding tissues. Thereafter, bone length, bone dry weight, and also mechanical strength and ash content of the bones were determined. The bone length on both femur and tibia was significantly longer in OVX group than in the other groups after 50 day of experiment, this situation was continued to the end of the experiment. Bone dry weight, mechanical strength, and ash content were significantly decreased by OVX and L.Ca over the time of the experiment, and those of OVX+L.Ca group were the lowest in all groups. OVX and L.Ca have a great potential for weakening the mechanical strength and have an additive effect when combined. OVX and L.Ca block the gain of bone mass.