Objective: The purpose of this study was to propose the assessment of fall risk profile using Demura’s fall risk assessment chart (Demura et al., 2010), and to determine the characteristics in fall risk among the Japanese healthy community-dwelling elderly population.
Methods: Subjects were 1122 healthy community-dwelling elderly aged 60 years and over (380 males, 70.5 +/- 7.0 yr and 742 females, 70.4 +/- 7.2 yr). The percentage who had experience a fall was 15.8%. We calculated the incidence of fall for each score of fall risk factor, and assessed fall risk profile. Then, fall risk characteristics in the community-dwelling elderly were examined by using incidence of fall for each risk factor.
Results: The incidence of fall among the elderly with perfect score of each fall risk factor were potential for fall (81%), physical function (75%), disease and physical symptom (100%), environment (50%), behavior and character (43%), respectively. Among the high fall risk elderly group, the percentage who had only one high fall risk factor was 25%, but that who had two or more high fall risk was 60%. Furthermore, among the low fall risk elderly group, 35% of them had an either one high fall risk factor, and about 20% of them had two or more high fall risk factors.
Conclusion: These findings will provide the useful information for the further social fall risk preventive measures.