脂質栄養学
Online ISSN : 1883-2237
Print ISSN : 1343-4594
ISSN-L : 1343-4594
総説
脂質系栄養素:コリンの普及に際し、アメリカの現状から
日比野 英彦大久保 剛
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

2017 年 26 巻 1 号 p. 89-106

詳細
抄録

Choline was appointed an essential nutrient in 1998 by the National Academy of Science and The dietary reference intake was evaluated scientifically in Nutrients Food and Nutrition Board Institute of Medicine. Choline is trimethyl aminoethanol of a quaternary ammonium ion constituting choline-phosholipids such as sphingomyelin, phosphatidylcholine or Glycerophosphocholine. Choline is a hydrophilic base moiety of the phosholipids building a cell lipid bilayer. Particularly, choline-phosholipids is the construction materials of lipid monolayer giving lipoprotein and a mother's milk fat globule and therefore is a basic material of the lipid nutrition. Choline functions as a precursor for acetylcholine, choline-phosholipids, and methyl donor betaine. The primary criterion used to estimate the adequate intake for choline is the prevention of liver damage as assessed by measuring serum alanine aminotransferase levels. A nutrient lipid-based in these general remarks in our country: We want to suggest the problem to make Choline widely available.

著者関連情報
© 2017 日本脂質栄養学会
前の記事
feedback
Top