Journal of Microorganism Control
Online ISSN : 2758-6391
Print ISSN : 2758-6383
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Correlation between disinfection efficacy and cumulative amount of free chlorine reaching various positions during ultrasonic fogging with hypochlorite solution
SATOSHI FUKUZAKIHAJIME HOTTASHUN NOJIMA
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2024 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 75-80

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Abstract: When a hypochlorite solution is ultrasonically fogged in a room, free chlorine, i.e., HOCl and OCl-, reaches various positions in two forms: fine fog droplets and gaseous hypochlorous acid(HOCl(g)). In this study, the cumulative amount of free chlorine reaching various positions on the floor away from the fogger was measured in a 90-m3 room, using a sulfamate-carrying glass-fiber filter indicator. The fine droplets were blown out from the fogger into the spaces at different discharge port angles of 30 – 90°. Free chlorine was successfully trapped by sulfamate, forming monochlorosulfamate, which was stably retained on the indicator. The cumulative amount of free chlorine( ng/indicator) increased with fogging time at each position and depended on the blow angle and distance from the fogger. Minor differences in the HOCl(g) concentration near the floor at all positions were observed. The disinfection efficacy of the fogging treatment against Staphylococcus aureus on wet surfaces was relatively higher at positions near the fogger and lower at positions far from the fogger. At each discharge port angle, a strong correlation between the logarithmic reduction in relative viable cells and the cumulative amount of free chlorine reaching S. aureus plates was observed. The slopes of the regression lines of correlation diagrams as a function of the cumulative amount of free chlorine were between -0.0362 and -0.0413 ng-1. This study demonstrated that the cumulative amount of free chlorine measured using the filter indicator could reflect the sum of the free chlorine of both fine droplets and HOCl(g), and that the disinfection efficiency depended on the cumulative amount of free chlorine reaching different areas.

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© 2024 The Society for Antibacterial and Antifungal Agents, JAPAN
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