Journal of Microorganism Control
Online ISSN : 2758-6391
Print ISSN : 2758-6383
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Clinical and microbiological characteristics of bacteremia caused by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in Minami Ibaraki area, Japan
MICHIE UCHIDANORIHIKO TERADAKAZUHITO SAITOHIROICHI ISHIKAWAYASUNORI FUNAYAMATSUYOSHI OISHIHIROYUKI SHINOHARATSUGIO EBIHARAYOKO KURIHARASHIGEMI HITOMI
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2024 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 81-89

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Abstract: Although recent propagation of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) has become a problem worldwide, the picture of CPE infection in Japan has not fully been elucidated. In this study, we examined clinical and microbiological characteristics of invasive CPE infection occurring at 8 hospitals in Minami Ibaraki Area between July 2001 to June 2017. Of 7294 Enterobacterales strains isolated from independent cases of bacteremia and/or meningitis, 10 (0.14%) were CPE (8 Enterobacter cloacae-complex, 1 Escherichia coli, and 1 Edwardsiella tarda), all of which had the blaIMP-1 gene and susceptible to gentamicin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. These strains were isolated from 7 adult and 2 infant bacteremia (1 infant patient developed CPE bacteremia twice) after 2007. The most common portal of entry was intravenous catheters. All of the adult patients were recovered, while the infant patients eventually died. Genomic analyses showed that the 8 E. cloacae-complex strains were classified into 5 groups, each of which was exclusively detected in specific facilities at intervals of up to 3 years, suggesting persistent colonization in the facilities. This study showed that invasive CPE infection in the area was rare, caused by IMP-1-type CPE having susceptibility to various antibiotics, and nonfatal among adult patients.

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© 2024 The Society for Antibacterial and Antifungal Agents, JAPAN
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