2018 Volume 67 Issue 2 Pages 199-206
pH responsive surfactants, [C12H25N(CH3)2(CH2)nSCOCH3]Br (C12nSAc, n = 4, 11, 12), were prepared, and their properties in aqueous solution were examined. The critical micelle concentration (cmc) and critical vesicle concentration (cvc) were determined based on changes in conductivity, as well as by fluorescence measurements, and light scattering methods. A significant increase in the light scattering intensities of the C12nSAc (n=11, 12) systems suggested that the growth of aggregates was accompanied by considerable counterion binding with increasing surfactant concentration. The diameter of C1211SAc, recorded by the dynamic light scattering measurements, was about 9.6 ±1.0 nm, which was slightly smaller than that for didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) vesicles. The thioester group was easily hydrolyzed upon the addition of NaOH, while it was hardly hydrolyzed with the addition of HCl. The time course of alkaline hydrolysis was examined by the conductivity measurements and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. [C12H25N(CH3)2(CH2)11SS(CH2)11N(CH3)2C12H25]2Br (2C1211SS) was generated in the C1211SAc alkaline solution because of air oxidation. The C1211SAc alkaline solution gradually became an opaque blue color with increasing light scattering at 346 nm, indicating the remarkable growth of vesicles. The chemical structure of 2C1211SS was consistent with that of a disulfide linked double tailed surfactant, similar to DDAB. The disulfide linkage between the double tailed surfactants will contribute to the stabilization and growth of vesicles.