2018 Volume 67 Issue 9 Pages 1059-1070
In this review, we show novel methods for utilizing lignocellulosic biomass, polysaccharides, and lignin. Firstly, the simultaneous enzymatic saccharification and comminution (SESC) of plant materials is described as an extraction method for lignocellulosic biomass that does not require toxic reagents or organic solvents. Secondly, we demonstrate the material utilization of non-deteriorated lignocellulosic biomass extracted by SESC, such as for sugar and ethanol synthesis, and as a heatproof filler. Finally, we exhibit the use of a functional monomer (e.g., in disinfection chemicals, cesium chelation, and building blocks for polymers), 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylic acid, derived from lignin via metabolic degradation.