2022 Volume 71 Issue 4 Pages 535-540
Ceramide (Cer) and glucosylceramide (GlcCer) were isolated from Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu) fruits and characterized. 2,3-Dihydroxy fatty acids with C20 or longer acyl chains were found in Cer. GlcCers from the flesh of the fruit contained sphingosine (4-trans-sphingenine) as a major component. Notably, the Cer content was 1.5-fold higher than GlcCer content. The ratio of Cer plus GlcCer to the total lipid content in Satsuma mandarin was higher than that in the other citrus fruits analyzed in this study. Collectively, the pomace of the Satsuma mandarin fruit can be a good source of sphingolipids as functional components in foods.