Volume 59 (2017) Issue 4 Pages 469-474
This study evaluated the anatomical profile of the mesial root canals of the Burmese mandibular first molar with Vertucci’s type IV canal configuration (VT4) using microcomputed tomography analysis. Seventy-five mesial roots of extracted mandibular first molars were scanned and evaluated. Fourteen middle mesial canals (MMCs) were observed in the specimens; each specimen had an average of 1.63 lateral canals and 3.77 apical foramina. The lateral canals arising from the mesiobuccal canal, mesiolingual canal, MMC, and isthmus terminated at an average distance of 0.92, 0.73, 2.11, and 1.89 mm, respectively, from the apex. The mean distance between the centers of the mesiobuccal and mesiolingual canals at 1.5 mm coronal to the furcation was 2.60 mm. A higher incidence of isthmus was observed in the apical 2-6-mm region compared with the apical 0-2-mm region (P < 0.05). The incidence of lateral canals in the isthmus was similar to that of the mesiobuccal and mesiolingual canals (P > 0.05). This study shows that the mesial root of the Burmese mandibular first molar with VT4 has complex anatomical profiles comprising MMCs and isthmus and their lateral canals.