Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
PRECEDE-PROCEED model based questionnaire and saliva tests for oral health checkup in adult
Yoshiaki NomuraTomoaki MatsuyamaKakuhiro FukaiAyako OkadaMitsuo IdaNoriaki YamauchiHiroyuki HanamuraYoshihide YabukiKazuhiko WatanabeMotoko SugawaraYasuhiko ImanishiNorihiro KoizumiYoshinori MuranoAtsushi NishiyamaYoshiteru FukukawaRyoko OtsukaNobuhiro Hanada
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2019 Volume 61 Issue 4 Pages 544-548


Screening is a fundamental strategy for early detection, treatment, and prevention of progression of oral disease and those at high risk for oral disease. While numerous screening tools exist, questionnaires, and saliva tests are often suitable for screening. The questionnaire based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model was developed, validated, and elucidated on the structural interrelationship between these two methods. In the current investigation, 311 adults had this questionnaire and saliva testing administered simultaneously during an occupational health checkup. The questionnaire was validated by classical test theory, item response theory, and path analysis. Through structural equation modeling, it was found that self-care guidance may be an important role of the family dentist. In addition, self-awareness of oral symptoms was significantly related to saliva test results. However, self-administered questionnaires and saliva tests together may provide more information than either of them alone for the detection, treatment, and prevention of progression of oral disease. Thus, simultaneous application of self-administered questionnaires and saliva tests is recommended during oral health checkups for adults.

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© 2019 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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