2020 Volume 62 Issue 1 Pages 107-111
The self-reported functional outcomes, clinical findings, and results of dental cast analysis before and after orthognathic surgery with surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) using a hybrid rapid maxillary expander (RME) were evaluated. Data were collected from 43 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery with SARME using a hybrid RME between 2001 and 2013. The patients were recruited during a follow-up clinical examination and were required to complete a questionnaire about their opinions and self-reported functional outcomes. Dental casts were used to analyze posttreatment palatal expansion. The mean follow-up time was 68 months (range: 25-135 months). The most common indication for SARME was the presence of a crossbite. Of the 30 patients who underwent a follow-up clinical examination (69.8% answer rate), 4 (13.3%) had symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), 1 (3.3%) experienced myalgia, and 3 (10.0%) experienced arthralgia on clinical palpation. Cast analysis revealed significant palatal expansion. The intercanine distance, intermolar distance, and palatal height were increased by 3, 5, and 2 mm, respectively. Overall, the patients were satisfied with the preoperative information, improved functions, and aesthetic results. The prevalence of TMD symptoms and other side effects following orthognathic surgery with SARME using a hybrid RME was low, and significant palatal expansions were achieved.