2015 Volume 53 Issue 1 Pages 76-81
We evaluated the effects of different light-emitting diode (LED) colors between blue and green on growth performance and the immune response in broilers. A total of 1,200 1-day-old Ross broilers were divided randomly into six groups and exposed to pure blue (PB), bright blue (BB), sky blue (SB), greenish blue (GB), pure green (PG), or white (W) using LEDs for 6 weeks. Consequently, body weights were higher in chickens reared under PB and GB on day (d) 7 and SB on d 21 than the other groups. Chickens in the PB group on d 42 were the heaviest among the groups, followed by the BB group and were significantly heavier than the W group. Splenocyte proliferation was significantly enhanced in chickens reared under PB followed by BB on d 42 and proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was significantly enhanced in chickens reared under BB on d 42. In addition, chickens in the BB group showed significantly elevated nitric oxide production on d 42, indicating activation of macrophages. These results suggest that immune function and growth of broilers can be improved at the later stage by rearing under shorter wavelength LEDs such as PB and BB.