2016 Volume 53 Issue 4 Pages 298-304
The aim of this study was to determine whether probiotic-feeding affected the expression of cathelicidins (CATHs), a major family of antimicrobial peptides, in response to lipopolysaccharides (LPS) challenge in the proventriculus and cecum of broiler chicks. One-day-old male Chunky broiler chicks were fed with or without 0.4% probiotics for 7 days (P-group and non-P-group, respectively). Then, they were orally challenged with no LPS (0-LPS), 1 μg LPS (1-LPS), or 100 μg LPS (100-LPS) (n＝5 in all groups) in Experiment 1, and with no LPS or 1 μg LPS (n＝6 in all groups) in Experiment 2. Five hours after LPS challenge, the proventriculi and ceca were collected to analyze CATHs expression. Expression of CATHs was examined at first by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using the 0-LPS chicks of non-P-group. The differences in CATHs expression upon probiotics-feeding and LPS were analyzed by real time-PCR. All four CATHs (CATH1, 2, 3 and 4) were expressed in the proventriculus and cecum of chicks. In the proventriculus, the expression of CATHs after LPS challenge did not show significant differences between non-P and P-groups in Experiment 1 and 2. In the cecum, the interactions of the effects of probiotics and LPS on the expression of CATH2 in Experiment 1 and CATH1 and 2 in Experiment 2 were significant, and their expression in 1-LPS chicks was higher in P-group than in non-P-group. However, CATH3 and 4 did not show any significant differences between non-P- and P-groups challenged with LPS. These results suggest that probiotics-feeding may stimulate the immunodefense system mediated by CATH2 and possibly CATH1 against infection by Gram-negative bacteria in the cecum.