Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Original Article
Estimation of 1RM for knee extension based on the maximal isometric muscle strength and body composition
Yoshikiyo KanadaHiroaki SakuraiYoshito SugiuraTomoaki AraiSoichiro KoyamaShigeo Tanabe
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Volume 29 (2017) Issue 11 Pages 2013-2017

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Abstract

[Purpose] To create a regression formula in order to estimate 1RM for knee extensors, based on the maximal isometric muscle strength measured using a hand-held dynamometer and data regarding the body composition. [Subjects and Methods] Measurement was performed in 21 healthy males in their twenties to thirties. Single regression analysis was performed, with measurement values representing 1RM and the maximal isometric muscle strength as dependent and independent variables, respectively. Furthermore, multiple regression analysis was performed, with data regarding the body composition incorporated as another independent variable, in addition to the maximal isometric muscle strength. [Results] Through single regression analysis with the maximal isometric muscle strength as an independent variable, the following regression formula was created: 1RM (kg)=0.714 + 0.783 × maximal isometric muscle strength (kgf). On multiple regression analysis, only the total muscle mass was extracted. [Conclusion] A highly accurate regression formula to estimate 1RM was created based on both the maximal isometric muscle strength and body composition. Using a hand-held dynamometer and body composition analyzer, it was possible to measure these items in a short time, and obtain clinically useful results.

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© 2017 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.
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