Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Online ISSN : 2187-5626
Print ISSN : 0915-5287
Original Article
Difference between tablet methods and paper questionnaire methods of conducting a survey with community-dwelling elderly
Yasuaki KusumotoYoshihiro KitaSatomi KusakaYoshinori HiyamaJunko TsuchiyaToshiki KutsunaHiroyuki KamedaSaori AidaMasaru UmedaTetsuya Takahashi
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2017 Volume 29 Issue 12 Pages 2100-2102

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Abstract

[Purpose] This study aimed to develop a tablet app that emulates paper questionnaires used in clinical care, and to verify the difference between the utility of tablet survey methods and paper questionnaire methods with elderly people. [Subjects and Methods] A tablet app was developed in the Java language. A questionnaire was provided to 30 community-dwelling elderly people. The subjects were randomly allocated to the group responding on the tablet (tablet group) or that responding to a paper-based questionnaire (questionnaire group). Assessed items included response time to questions, whether or not they had queries regarding the survey, and data input time. For the tablet group, a questionnaire was conducted regarding the operability of the tablet. [Results] There was no difference in response time between the two groups. Significantly more people in the tablet group had queries regarding the survey. Data input time was 426 seconds for the tablet group and 1268 seconds for the questionnaire group. In the survey regarding tablet operability, there were no negative opinions about the visibility of the screen. [Conclusion] Tablets can be used with elderly people to shorten the data input time. The present findings suggested that tablet surveys could be effective for a large-scale investigation.

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© 2017 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.
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