Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Online ISSN : 2187-5626
Print ISSN : 0915-5287
Original Article
Assessing the adjustability of grasping force using the iWakka in elderly individuals
Tatsuya KanenoAkihiro SatoKazunori AkizukiArisa YamaguchiKiyoshi YasakiYoshifumi Morita
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2017 Volume 29 Issue 12 Pages 2215-2219


[Purpose] To ensure that elderly individuals continue performing their activities of daily living, rehabilitation specialists have focused on several intervention programs, including programs that help maintain the functionality of digits. Grasping motion, including the ability to adjust grip, both spatially and temporally, is important for the elderly to continue independent living. The iWakka is a device used to measure the adjustability of grasping force and developed in Japan in 2012. This study aimed to evaluate the range of error of the iWakka, and verify its usefulness for evaluating adjustability of grasping force in elderly subjects. [Subjects and Methods] In 36 community-dwelling elderly subjects, over 65 years old, two readings of adjustability of grasping force, in the dominant and non-dominant hands were obtained using the iWakka, and a Bland-Altman analysis of the data was performed. [Results] The results demonstrated significant fixed bias in the dominant and non-dominant hands, but no significant proportional bias was observed. The limits of agreement were −2.8 to 4.4 g for dominant hand and −2.6 to 3.9 g for non-dominant hand. [Conclusion] Therefore, it is possible to measure the efficacy of interventions and detect declines in adjustability of grasping force using iWakka. Interventional programs can be designed for daily life based on the grasping force results shown by iWakka.

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© 2017 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.
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