2019 Volume 65 Issue 4 Pages 289-295
The first follicular wave emerges soon after ovulation, and its dominant follicle (DF) develops during the first 8–10 days of the estrous cycle in cattle. And, the first-wave DF is a non-ovulatory follicle, because it develops during the first half of the estrous cycle simultaneously with the corpus luteum (CL), which produces and secretes progesterone. Regarding the characteristics of development and the mechanisms of deviation in the DF during the follicular wave, the first-wave DF has been well studied. However, the characteristics of the first-wave DF, such as growth, blood flow in the follicular wall, concentration of sex steroid hormones in the peripheral blood and follicular fluid, amounts of mRNA in granulosa cells, as well as the characteristics of the CL formed after the first-wave DF and the influence of the first-wave DF on fertility (conception rate), have not been well studied. Additionally, the first-wave DF synthesizes and secretes 17β-estradiol (E2), and plasma E2 concentration increases during the early stage of the estrous cycle. Consequently, there is a possibility that the first-wave DF might affect the fertility in cattle. In this review, to provide the new perspective on reproductive physiology in cattle, characteristics of the first-wave DF were examined in detail and its characteristics were compared with that of the second-wave DF. In addition, the locational effects of the first-wave DF and CL on conception rate are discussed.