1995 年 1 巻 2 号 p. 19-29
This paper examined the logic of emigration to “Mangzhou” in the 1930s through analysis on the socio-economic background of Ohinata-Mura. Ohinata was said to play a leading part for the emigration policy by the fascist government of Japan. This policy formally intended to solve “overpopulation” and land shortage for paddy farming.
In 1937, Ohinata decided emigration and 586 persons in 191 households settled Sijiafan in Jielingsheng by 1939. However, the emigration produced few effects. Land shortage and overpopulation problems were not solved at all. The failure was caused from neglect of the original characteristics. In short, the emigration policy was unreasonable from the beginning.
However, it was a fact that many persons emigrated. The reasons for this fact were as foolows：1) the direct control by the prefectural office after the collapse of an indigenous self-governing, 2) self-persuasion such as a big gap between prosperity in the 1920s and poverty in the 1930s, expectation of improvement of life in “Mangzhou” and confirmation of bond to the immigrants’ native village by depositing their lands and graves.