2021 Volume 71 Issue 2 Pages 155-166
Seed dormancy, a major factor regulating pre-harvest sprouting, can severely hinder wheat cultivation. Reduced Seed Dormancy 32 (RSD32), a wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) mutant with reduced seed dormancy, is derived from the pre-harvest sprouting tolerant cultivar, ‘Norin61’. RSD32 is regulated by a single recessive gene and mutant phenotype expressed in a seed-specific manner. Gene expressions in embryos of ‘Norin61’ and RSD32 were compared using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis at different developmental stages of 20, 30, and 40 days after pollination (DAP). Numbers of up-regulated genes in RSD32 are equivalent in all developmental stages. However, down-regulated genes in RSD32 are more numerous on DAP20 and DAP30 than on DAP40. In central components affecting the circadian clock, homologues to the morning-expressed genes are expressed at lower levels in RSD32. However, higher expressions of homologues acting as evening-expressed genes are observed in RSD32. Homologues of Ca2+ signaling pathway related genes are specifically expressed on DAP20 in ‘Norin61’. Lower expression is shown in RSD32. These results suggest that RSD32 mutation expresses on DAP20 and earlier seed developmental stages and suggest that circadian clock regulation and Ca2+ signaling pathway are involved in the regulation of wheat seed dormancy.