Recently in Japan, although the implementations of the school counseling programs have been increased rapidly, the evaluation researches on those are very insufficient. One of the reasons of the insufficiency seems to be poor understandings of the evaluation research in Japan. In this paper, a textbook on the evaluation research which emphasizes the evaluation hierarchy is introduced, what are the needed evaluation researches in the field of school counseling in Japan is discussed. The school counseling programs in Japan is in the early stages of planning, and consequently the needs assessment and the program theory assessment, namely the formative evaluation is needed. The practices including the evaluation researches implemented by the author and her colleagues arc introduced as well.