The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
Regular Paper
INHIBITORY EFFECT OF 1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE ON CALCIUM CHANNELS OF NEURONS
Masayuki OKUDAIchiro KUNITSUGUSetsu KOBAYAKAWATatsuya HOBARA
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2001 Volume 26 Issue 3 Pages 169-176

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Abstract

Peripheral neuropathy may remain for some time after 1,1,1-trichloroethane exposure. A variety of Ca2+ channels gives sensory neurons many kinds of transmitting sensory information. We measured calcium currents in sensory neurons from neonatal rat dorsal root ganglion using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Trichloroethane reversibly reduced the low-voltage-activated (LVA) and high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium. The half-inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the HVA and LVA currents was 5.76×10-3 M and 3.99×10-3 M, respectively. The Hill coefficient of the HVA and LVA currents was 0.61 and 1.04, respectively. In assessing voltage dependence for activation and inactivation of calcium currents, only the HVA calcium current was inactivated at greater negative potentials. This may be one of the mechanisms to reduce HVA current. However, activation and inactivation of the LVA currents were not affected by trichlorothane, so inhibition of the LVA currents may have other mechanisms. Calcium currents are thought to be involved in the control of neuronal excitability and neurotransmitter release. The inhibitory effect of trichloroethane on calcium currents may be involved in trichloroethane-induced sensory discomfort.

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© 2001 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
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