2007 Volume 32 Issue 2 Pages 129-134
In our previous study, we demonstrated that the initial hepatic injury caused by bromobenzene (BB) was no longer detected in rats despite subsequent dosing, indicating that the liver acquired resistance to BB-induced hepatotoxicity. In this experiment, microarray analysis was conducted to characterize this resistance. The liver samples for the analysis utilized were obtained from previous experiments where F344 rats were treated intraperitoneally with BB (150 mg/kg). At 24 hr post-dose, hepatic injury was confirmed by monitoring the AST values and then the rats were maintained at the same dosing regimen for an additional 8 days. The gene expression profiles of the BB-treated rat livers were compared with a vehicle-treated group by Affymetrix RG_U34A arrays. As results, a decreased expression level of CYP3A9 and an increased expression level of GST Yc2 and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) were detected. These changes indicated suppression of the phase I reaction and induction of the phase II reaction (glutathione conjugation). Increased expression levels of epoxide hydrolase (EH) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) also suggested the involvement of EH- and NQO1-mediated hydrolysis other than glutathione conjugation with resistance in the phase II reaction. Moreover, an increased expression level of abcc3 (multidrug resistance protein 3; Mrp3) was significantly noted. Based on the present findings, it was suggested that Mrp3 in the phase III reaction (drug elimination) contributed to the resistance to BB hepatotoxicity in addition to the suppression of the phase I reaction (metabolic activation) and the induction of the phase II reaction (detoxification). Among them, the factors which contributed most were considered to be the increased GST Yc2 and Mrp3, based on the degree of the gene expression changes.