1995 Volume 20 Issue 2 Pages 143-148
The antidotal action of atropine sulfate and 2-pyridine aldoxime methiodide (2-PAM) against poisoning attributable to the new procarbamate insecticide benfuracarb [ethyl N-[2, 3-dihydro-2, 2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yloxycarbonyl(methyl)aminothio]-N-isopropyl-β-alaninate] was compared utilizing rats as our experimental model. Both the intraperitoneal and oral administrations of these antidotes were examined after five, ten, fifteen and thirty minutes exposure periods, following treatment with benfuracarb at dose levels approximating LD50 and LD100. The results obtained demonstrate that both the intraperitoneal and oral administrations of atropine sulfate blocked or significantly reduced the toxic effects of benfuracarb and protected the animals from death. The intraperitoneal administration route appears to be more effective than was the oral route. In addition, the administration of atropine sulfate after the shorter period (up to 15 minutes), following exposure to benfuracarb, improved antidotal action, particularly with the LD100 dose of benfuracarb. It is suggested that atropine sulfate antagonizes benfuracarb poisoning by blocking acetylcholine (ACh) receptors, as many other carbamate insecticides, since benfuracarb was an in vivo cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor and the toxic effect of benfuracarb was reduced by atropine sulfate. 2-PAM, however, did not significantly block or reduce the toxic effects of benfuracarb.