1999 Volume 61 Issue 11 Pages 1219-1228
We conducted protein loading to examine the progression and pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. For this experiment, male OLETF, LETO, F344 and BN rats were used. This experiment was performed on rats between 5 and 30 weeks of age. Examination parameters included body weight, food intake, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), urinary protein level (UP), urinary albumin level (UA), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), kidney weights, light microscopy (LM) and electron microscopy (EM). In the protein-loaded OLETF group, the UP level was markedly increased 20 weeks or more after birth. In OLETF control group, GFR were higher than those in other strains. Glomerular hypertrophy and kidney weights were markedly increased in protein-loaded groups in OLETF rats. Thirty weeks after birth, EM showed that the number of polyethyleneimine (PEI) of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) in protein-loaded OLETF group was significantly decreased compared to that in control group. These changes in OLETF rats were more marked in the protein-loaded group than those in the control group. LM showed that the number of exudative lesions with fibrin-cap in the protein-loaded OLETF group was significantly increased than those in control group. In OLETF rats, protein loading caused deterioration of nephropathy at 30 weeks of age. Therefore, it was demonstrated that not only blood sugar control but also protein intake factors play important roles in the deterioration of nephropathy in OLETF rats.