Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Online ISSN : 1347-7439
Print ISSN : 0916-7250
ISSN-L : 0916-7250
Immunization against Intestinal Bacterial Endotoxin Prevents Alcoholic Fatty Liver in Rats
Gendo NISHIMURAKeiko NAKAHARANaoaki MISAWAMiki MURANAKAKazuyuki UCHIDAHaruto KURODANoboru MURAKAMI
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

2001 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 275-280

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Abstract

Accumulating evidences indicate that an endotoxin originating from intestinal gram-negative bacteria may be involved in alcohol-induced liver injury including fatty liver. Therefore, whether immunization against intestinal bacterial endotoxin blocked fatty liver induced by chronic alcohol and diet including much-unsaturated fatty acid was investigated in rats. The titer of antibody against the endotoxin increased significantly after 13 weeks of continuous immunization. Daily alcohol treatment was initiated at 12 weeks and continued for 4 weeks. Plasma glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and triglyceride (TG) levels increased significantly in non-immunized rats receiving alcohol, but not in immunized rats. Continuous alcohol treatment gradually decreased the survival rate to 60% from 13 days after beginning administration in non-immunized, but not immunized, rats. A histochemical study revealed that continuous treatment with alcohol and unsaturated fatty acids caused fatty liver in non-immunized, but not immunized, rats. This study strongly supports the hypothesis that alcohol-induced fatty liver is due to a circulating endotoxin, and suggests that immunization for endotoxin prevent the alcoholic fatty liver.

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この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 改変禁止 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
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