2007 年 69 巻 6 号 p. 677-681
An 8-year-old spayed female Golden Retriever was referred to us for evaluation of mild lymphocytosis. The peripheral lymphocytes were comprised of mostly large granular lymphocytes (LGLs), and flow cytometry showed that they were mostly CD3+8+ T lymphocytes. Clonal rearrangement of the T-cell receptor gene was identified in the peripheral blood, and the dog was therefore diagnosed with LGL chronic leukemia. The dog was subclinical without treatment until hospitalization on day 154, at which point the lymphocytes looked like lymphoblasts and the surface markers changed to CD3-8-. This was regarded as malignant transformation from LGL chronic leukemia to the acute type. Sequential chemotherapy was started, but the dog died on day 190. Necropsy revealed tumor cell infiltration into the heart, skin, and brain.