2010 Volume 72 Issue 11 Pages 1513-1516
Two dogs of juvenile-onset skin diseases with involvement of extremities were examined by histopathological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analyses. Clinically, both cases showed alopecia and crusts on the face and extremities. Case 1 showed histopathology of dermo-epidermal separation. Ultrastructural analysis revealed that the clefts were recognized between hemidesmosomes and lamina densa. In case 2, histopathology showed follicular atrophy, vacuolar degeneration at lower epidermis and masseter muscle degeneration, without remarkable ultrastructural abnormalities in basement membrane zone of the skin. Thus, the findings in case 1 were compatible to those in junctional epidermolysis bullosa, while those in case 2 were compatible to dermatomyositis-like disease. Combination of histopathological and ultrastructural analyses was useful to distinguish the diseases in two dogs.