Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Online ISSN : 1347-7439
Print ISSN : 0916-7250
ISSN-L : 0916-7250
Pharmacology
The anti-inflammatory pathway regulated via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in rat intestinal mesothelial cells
Taiki MIHARAWataru OTSUBOKazuhide HORIGUCHIShoma MIKAWANoriyuki KAJISatoshi IINOHiroshi OZAKIMasatoshi HORI
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2017 Volume 79 Issue 11 Pages 1795-1802

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Abstract

Regulation of inflammation in intestinal mesothelial cells in the abdominal cavity is important for the pathogeny of clinical conditions, such as postoperative ileus, peritonitis and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis. Here we have examined the inflammatory effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the anti-inflammatory effect of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor stimulation in rat intestinal mesothelial cells. LPS upregulated mRNA expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The α7, α9 and α10 subunits of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor were detected in intestinal mesothelial cells. Nicotine (10 nM) significantly inhibited LPS-induced mRNA expression of IL-1β and iNOS, but not TNF-α and MCP-1. In addition, the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor selective agonist, PNU-282987 (10 nM), significantly inhibited LPS-induced mRNA expression of IL-1β but not TNF-α, iNOS and MCP-1. Finally, we found that enteric nerves adhered to intestinal mesothelial cells located under the ileal serosa. In conclusion, intestinal mesothelial cells react to LPS to induce the production of nitric oxide from iNOS. The anti-inflammatory action of intestinal mesothelial cells expressing α7nAChR may be mediated via their connectivity with enteric nerves.

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この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 改変禁止 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
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