Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Online ISSN : 1347-7439
Print ISSN : 0916-7250
Genetic characterization of an H2N2 influenza virus isolated from a muskrat in Western Siberia
Marina GULYAEVAKirill SHARSHOVMizuho SUZUKIIvan SOBOLEVYoshihiro SAKODAAlexander ALEKSEEVMariya SIVAYLidia SHESTOPALOVAMichael SHCHELKANOVAlexander SHESTOPALOV
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 17-0048

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Abstract

Thirty-two muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus) were captured for surveillance of avian influenza virus in wild waterfowl and mammals near Lake Chany, Western Siberia, Russia. A/muskrat/Russia/63/2014 (H2N2) was isolated from an apparently healthy muskrat using chicken embryos. Based on phylogenetic analysis, the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes of this isolate were classified into the Eurasian avian-like influenza virus clade and closely related to low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIVs) isolated from wild water birds in Italy and Sweden, respectively. Other internal genes were also closely related to LPAIVs isolated from Eurasian wild water birds. Results suggest that interspecies transmission of LPAIVs from wild water birds to semiaquatic mammals occurs, facilitating the spread and evolution of LPAIVs in wetland areas of Western Siberia.

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