Article ID: 19-0694
The pancreas is believed to be vulnerable to hypoperfusion. In dogs with acute pancreatitis, pancreatic ischemia due to heart failure can worsen the condition. However, changes in pancreatic blood flow associated with decreased cardiac function have not been previously studied in dogs. Therefore, we aimed to identify and compare changes in pancreatic versus renal blood flow as a result of cardiac dysfunction. Seven dogs were subjected to rapid ventricular pacing to create heart failure models. Noninvasive blood pressure measurement, echocardiography, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography for pancreatic blood flow measurement, and para-aminohippuric acid clearance for renal blood flow measurement were performed before starting and at 2 and 4 weeks after starting the pacing. Left ventricular cardiac output and mean blood pressure decreased at 2 and 4 weeks after starting the pacing, and pancreatic blood flow decreased at 2 and 4 weeks after starting the pacing. However, renal blood flow did not change at 2 weeks but decreased 4 weeks after starting the pacing. Overall, this study demonstrated that reduced pancreatic blood flow due to cardiac dysfunction occurs, similar to renal blood flow. This suggests that decreased pancreatic blood flow is not unusual and may frequently occur in dogs with heart failure. The results of this study support the speculation that heart failure can exacerbate acute pancreatitis. Additionally, this study provides useful basic information for designing further studies to study this association.