1993 年 13 巻 Supplement2 号 p. 53-56
A laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method was used to visualize and measure instantaneous velocity profiles in pulsatile water flow through a 180° curved circular tube (U-bend). Visualization of instantaneous velocity profiles across the tube was made at eight different phases in a period of the pulsatile flowrate waveform at the position of θ=45°. As a result, the followings were clarified: In steady flows, besides the main secondary vortex pair, additional vortex pairs appear in the inner-half central region. In pulsatile flows, the velocity profile in the core region was not altered during a period of pulsation, while the profile in the wall region oscillated. The phase of the velocity oscillation in the inner wall region was a little ahead of that in the outer wall region.