2014 年 2014 巻 27 号 p. 85-96
This paper examines the conflict between the UPIAS and the DA, organisations in the 1970s' British disability movement. The UPIAS, one of the founders of the “Social Model of Disability,” associated the constructionist view with workfare, which can actually be exclusive against severely disabled people. The DA, on the other hand, advocated an income scheme. Albeit apparently less exclusive, this approach failed to become the mainstream, presumably due to the limited coverage. The problem here is the construction of disability originating from constraints of resources (scarcity). To address the problem, and to dissociate the Social Model from workfare under scarcity, it is necessary to adopt a complex form of inclusion, as well as real freedom of individuals under such complex inclusion.