Human growth is influenced by a number of factors. While recent studies reported an increase in body size around the world, improvement varies between countries and regions. There are many malnourished children and high infant mortality in the world, mainly due to energy and micronutrient deficiencies. At the same time, overweight children are increasing and together with undernutrition, the “Double burden of malnutrition” has been considered a global health problem. Recent studies suggested that prenatal nutritional status is one of the causes of this problem and based on the Developmental Origin of Health and Diseases (DOHaD) theory, a maternal nutrition has been considered important. In order to improve growth of children, international bodies including the United Nations are taking actions and showed some evidence of improvement. However, still more than 100 million children are suffering from stunting and underweight and overweight children is remain increasing. In 2015, the United Nations adopted a new development agenda that comprises 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a set of goals to be achieved by 2030. It is hoped that these global actions improve living environment and nutritional status of the people in the world and lead to healthy growth and development of all children.