The Kurume Medical Journal
Online ISSN : 1881-2090
Print ISSN : 0023-5679
ISSN-L : 0023-5679
Case Report
Nosocomial Native Valve Endocarditis due to Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in a Patient with Psoriatic Arthritis
ジャーナル フリー

2019 年 66 巻 4 号 p. 247-251


Summary: Nosocomial infective endocarditis is a relatively rare, but critical disease. A Japanese man in his 80s with psoriatic arthritis that was being treated with prednisolone was admitted for dyspnea. The first diagnosis was healthcare-associated pneumonia, and piperacillin/tazobactam was started. The patient’s blood culture was negative at the time of admission. During the treatment, acute kidney injury occurred due to the use of antibiotics. Hemodialysis was performed via a central venous catheter in the internal jugular vein. After treatment of pneumonia, the patient experienced a sudden onset of fever accompanied by a loss of consciousness. Blood cultures from the peripheral vein and the central venous catheter were positive for methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. A transthoracic echocardiography revealed stringy strands of vegetation attached to the native mitral valve. Magnetic resonance imagings also showed a shower of emboli to the brain. Ceftriaxone and vancomycin were administered; however, the patient died following a massive cerebral infarction. Instances of in-hospital mortality from nosocomial endocarditis are higher than the rates of community-acquired endocarditis. Clinicians should pay close attention to risk factors for nosocomial infective endocarditis. These risk factors include long-term indwelling vascular devices, psoriatic arthritis and corticosteroid therapy.

© 2019 Kurume University School of Medicine