2021 Volume 21 Pages 17-29
This study sought to examine the role of metacognitive knowledge and working memory (WM) in second language listening comprehension. The study also investigated the extent to which this role varies across L2 proficiency levels. The results showed that both metacognitive knowledge and WM capacity correlated positively with L2 listening comprehension, and these two constructs accounted for approximately 23% of the variance in L2 listening comprehension. While metacognitive knowledge accounted for approximately 20% of the variance in L2 listening comprehension for the higher-proficiency listeners, approximately 11% of the variance in L2 listening comprehension was accounted for by WM capacity in the case of the lower-proficiency group. Moreover, WM was more strongly associated with metacognitive knowledge in the higher proficiency group than the lower proficiency group. The findings provide evidence for variation in the role of metacognitive knowledge and WM in L2 listening comprehension across proficiency levels.