2022 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages A0103
Electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry of transferrin can be used to diagnose congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) by detecting abnormal N-glycosylation due to reduced site occupancy or processing failure. Time-of-flight mass spectrometers are widely used to separate 25–45 charged ions in the m/z 1,700–3,000 range, and a summed zero-charge mass distribution is generated despite the risk of improper deconvolution. In this study, the low m/z region of the multiply-charged ion mass spectrum enabled a robust analysis of CDG. A triple quadrupole mass spectrometer, the standard instrument for newborn screening for inborn errors of metabolism, permitted the identification of the key ions characteristic of different types of CDG affecting PMM2, ALG14, SLC35A1, SLC35A2, MAN1B1 and PGM1 in the m/z 1,970–2,000 region. Charge deconvolution was used as a complementary tool for validating the findings. It was necessary to set a cutoff level for the evaluation, since small peaks indicating glycosylation failure or reduced sialylation were observed, even in control subjects. This method and workflow facilitates the implementation of MS-based analyses and the screening of CDG in clinical laboratories.