2004 Volume 45 Issue 7 Pages 2165-2171
In this study, the effect of material properties on deformation pattern and strain distribution of the commercially-available pure titanium (CP-Ti) specimen during an equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) was investigated. Finite element analyses were carried out for two-dimensional plane strain condition at elevated temperatures. Material properties were assumed by hardening, softening, and no hardening behaviors based on the measured experiment data. The effects of friction conditions, die geometries, and processing routes were also examined under the same processing condition. Based on the value of average strain and standard deviation of the strain distribution, the magnitude and uniformity of deformation was determined depending on process conditions. In addition, damage parameters based on plastic work and Cockroft and Latham criteria were calculated to check the likeliness of surface cracking. Finally, non-isothermal analyses were carried out to explore the effect of processing temperature in the ECAE process.